Sign Historical Group

Links Related to Online Documents

The following links represent a work in progress aimed at providing a broader understanding of the complexities and personalities involved in the University of Colorado Scientific Study of Unidentified Flying Objects, the director of the project, Dr. Edward Uhler Condon, and the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Science and Astronautics UFO Symposium.

We expect to add additional links from the Internet and sources from the published literature in the near future.

Unfortunately, the following links do not do justice to Dr. Condon's long scientific career, his work on various important government projects, other substantial accomplishments, and his role in the early Cold War American "anti-Red furor." His valuable work during World War II and after is currently represented on the web only by the relatively few links listed below.


Edward Uhler Condon: Project Director

Edward U. Condon: Biographies

Edward U. Condon: Biography (Washington University Library)

http://library.wustl.edu/units/spec/exhibits/crow/condonbio.html


Edward U. Condon: Biography (Encyclopedia Britannica)

http://www.britannica.com/eb/article?eu=25535


Morse, Philip M[cCord] (1976). Edward Uhler Condon. Biographical Memoirs (National Academy of Sciences), 48, 124-151

http://www.nap.edu/books/0309023491/html/124.html


Edward U. Condon: Curriculum Vitae (Circa 1966)

http://www.project1947.com/shg/cuprop/condonvitae.html


Edward U. Condon: Major Scientific Discoveries

Franck-Condon principle. Scientific discovery named after James Franck (1882 - 1964) and Edward Uhler Condon (1902 - 1974).

http://www.life.illinois.edu/govindjee/biochem494/Abs.html


"Quantum Tunneling".  An explanation of the phenomenon of tunneling arrived at independently by George Gamow and by Ronald W. Gurney and Edward Condon in 1928.

http://abyss.uoregon.edu/~js/glossary/quantum_tunneling.html


Edward U. Condon: Director of The National Bureau of Standards (1945-1951)

History & Perspectives: "Setting the Standard: NIST/NBS at 100 Years." NBS/NIST Centenary Celebration, Gaithersburg, MD, March 7, 2001. Presentation by Lewis M. Branscomb, Professor Emeritus, Harvard University, and Former NBS Director.

Edward Condon's role in the history of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (formerly the National Bureau of Standards).

Included in:

Proceedings of the NIST Centennial Standards Symposium. "Standards in the Global Economy: Past, Present, and Future." National Institute of Standards and Technology Special Publication 974, 164 pages: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2002: 111-119.

  PDF version with accompanying slides:

http://ts.nist.gov/Standards/Global/upload/21-bran-113.pdf


"Conversation with Dr. E. U. Condon, Director, National Bureau of Standards, and Messrs. Hugh Odishaw and N. E. Golovin, Assistants to the Director" - Memoranda of William T. Golden: AAAS History and Archives, October 31, 1950.

http://archives.aaas.org/golden/doc.php?gold_id=73


Edward U. Condon: Work on Various Projects

"Atomichron: The Atomic Clock from Concept to Commercial Product."Invited Paper, The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., 1968 by Paul Forman (Brief mention of Condon's role).

http://www.ieee-uffc.org/main/history.asp?file=atomichron


"The Archaeologist of HAO: Tom Bogdan Digs Into the Early Days." University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, Staff Notes Monthly: October 2000. (Condon's connection with the High Altitude Observatory).

http://www.ucar.edu/communications/staffnotes/0010/bogdan.html


"New Weapons Laboratory Gives Birth to the 'Gadget'." Los Alamos National Lab website/History. (A brief mention of part of Condon's role at Los Alamos during the Second World War working with J. Robert Oppenheimer).

http://www.lanl.gov/history/story.php?story_id=78


Edward U. Condon: Public Presentations

"Sixty Years of Quantum Physics," Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri By Edward U. Condon (Read before the Philosophical Society of Washington, December 2, 1960).

http://www.philsoc.org/1960Fall/1500transcript.html


"UFOs, I Have Loved and Lost" - (Unfortunately no current web presence)


Edward U. Condon: Cold War Politics

"Edward Condon and the Cold War Politics of Loyalty." Physics Today Online, December 2001. (Early in the cold war, redbaiting Congressmen relentlessly hounded a noted scientist. The lessons of the case remain no less relevant today).
By Jessica Wang

Avaiable as text or .pdf.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1445546


Edward U. Condon: Recollections

"The Princeton Mathematics Community in the 1930s."
Transcript Number 1 (PMC1),
The Trustees of Princeton University: 1985.

Interview of John Bardeen at the University of Illinois on 29 May, 1984. The interviewer is William Aspray. (Some recollections of Condon included.)

http://libweb.princeton.edu/libraries/firestone/rbsc/finding_aids/mathoral/pm04.htm


Edward U. Condon: Personal Papers and Materials

Papers at the American Philosophical Society

http://www.amphilsoc.org/mole/view?docId=ead/Mss.B.C752-ead.xml


Treasures at the American Philosophical Society (Condon's photographs of the nuclear detonation on 25 July 1946 at Bikini.)

http://www.amphilsoc.org/library/exhibits/treasures/condon.htm


Tulien, Thomas, ed. "The Colorado Project Collection/E. U. Condon Papers." Proceedings of the Sign Historical Group UFO History Workshop (November 1999): p.200.

http://www.project1947.com/shg/articles/cpcollection.html




University of Colorado Scientific Study of Unidentified Flying Objects

Project Documents

The University of Colorado Proposal to the United States Air Force for the Scientific Study Of Unidentified Flying Objects: presented to USAF October 1966. (These are preliminary documents pertaining to the contractual agreement with the Air Force, including letters of authorization, original and supplementary budgetary allocations, and a detailed CV of Dr. Edward Condon).

http://www.project1947.com/shg/cuprop/index.html


Investigative Proposals and Techniques: Early Warning Network Standard Operating Procedures
Memorandum to: UFO Early Warning Coordinators June 20, 1967
From: Dr. Saunders
Subject: Initial guidelines for telephone reporting

  http://www.project1947.com/shg/articles/saunders.html


Memorandum to: UFO Early Warning Coordinators
From: N.E. Levine (CU - 202 Woodbury Hall) December 13, 1967
Subject: Guidelines for telephone reporting

  http://www.project1947.com/shg/articles/levine.html


"CU on E-M Effects & Instrumentation Plans."
Notes taken by Richard Hall (NICAP) at a meeting held at University of Colorado.

  http://www.project1947.com/shg/articles/cumeetin.html


AIR FORCE REGULATION 80-17 (AFR 80-17, 19 September 1966) Air Force Regulation in force during the University of Colorado Study.

http://www.cufon.org/cufon/afr80-17.htm


The University of Colorado Final Report of the Scientific Study of Unidentified Flying Objects

http://www.project1947.com/shg/condon/index.html




University of Colorado UFO Project: Comments and Critiques

"Review of the University of Colorado Report on Unidentified Flying Objects By a Panel of the National Academy of Sciences" (Clemence Report), January 8, 1969; National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA. 22161

  http://www.project1947.com/shg/articles/nascu.html


Letters to the Editor: "Odishaw and the Condon Report."
The Skeptical Inquirer, Vol. XII, No. 1 (Fall 1987).
By J. Richard Greenwell

  http://www.project1947.com/shg/articles/greenwell.html


"An Analysis of the Condon Report on the Colorado UFO Project." Center for Space Science and Astrophysics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-4025. By Peter A. Sturrock

[The reference for this article is: Sturrock, Peter A. (1987). "An Analysis of the Condon Report on the Colorado UFO Project", J. Scientific Exploration, Vol. 1, No. 1, p. 75.]

Download as .pdf:

http://www.scientificexploration.org/journal/jse_01_1_sturrock_2.pdf


"The USAF-Sponsored Colorado Project for the Scientific Study of UFOs" - 1995 MUFON Symposium Proceedings, Seguin, TX
By Michael D. Swords, Ph.D.

  http://www.project1947.com/shg/articles/swordscc.html


"UFOs, Social Intelligence, and the Condon Committee." Falls Church, VA. (April 20, 2000).

Thesis submitted to the Faculty of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Science and Technology Studies. By Diana Palmer Hoyt.

[SHG Editorial Note: This paper suffers from a number of factual errors, for example: B-52 [bombers] should read F-94 [fighters], the Army Air Forces (AAF) ceased to exist and became the US Air Force (USAF) in September 1947, however Hoyt many times uses AAF and USAF interchangeably and incorrectly, Dr. Roy Craig was not fired from the Colorado Study, etc.]

  As PDF:

http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-05082000-09580026/unrestricted/UFOCRITIQUE.pdf

  Text version


"Flying Saucer Fiasco"
Look Magazine, May, 14, 1968
By John G. Fuller

http://www.project1947.com/shg/articles/fiasco.html


"UFO Inquiry Is Attacked as Nonscientific"
Washington Evening Star - May 1, 1968
By John Lannan

http://www.project1947.com/shg/articles/washstar.html


"Colorado U. Ends Saucers Inquiry"
Conclusions Not Disclosed—New Controversy Stirred
New York Times - Wednesday, May 1, 1968
By Evert Clark

http://www.project1947.com/shg/articles/colonyt.html


"The Condon Report and UFOs"
Bulletin of the Atomic Scientist, April 1969, p. 39-42.
Scientific Study of Unidentified Flying Objects, a report by Dr. Edward U. Condon, Director of the University of Colorado Project. Bantam Books, New York, in association with the New York Times. 965 pages, including index. $1.95 paper. Reviewed by Dr. J. Allen Hynek

  http://www.project1947.com/shg/articles/bas1.html


"The UFO Report: Condon Study Falls Short"
Scientific Research, (April 14, 1969); p. 41.
Scientific Study of Unidentified Flying Objects conducted by the University of Colorado, edited by Daniel S. Gillmor (Bantam Books, New York, 1969, $1.95 paperback, 965 pp)
Reviewed by Robert M. L. Baker Jr.

  http://www.project1947.com/shg/articles/sr2.html


"Dr. Thornton Page's Review of The "Condon Report."
American Journal of Physics, Vol. 37, No. 10,
(October 1969): 1071-1072.

Scientific Study of Unidentified Flying Objects: Final Report of Research Conducted by the University of Colorado for the Air Force Office of Scientific Research under the Direction of Edward U. Condon. pp. 965+xxiv, Bantam Books, 1969. Price: $1.95, paperback.
Reviewed by Thornton Page.

http://www.cufon.org/cufon/tp_revue.htm


The Lakenheath Collaboration

A detailed collection of documents and transcripts covering the entire primary evidence base for the RAF Lakenheath/Bentwaters Incidents of August 13-14, 1956. - (University of Colorado Case #2)

http://martinshough.com/aerialphenomena/Lakenheath/index.htm


  "NICAP Disputes Condon Report"
The U.F.O. Investigator, Vol. IV, No. 9, SPECIAL (January 1969)

http://www.cohenufo.org/nicapcondon.htm


"The UFO Phenomenon: Laugh, Laugh, Study, Study"
Technology Review, (July 1981): pp. 50-58.
by J. Allen Hynek

http://www.cohenufo.org/Hynek/hynk_lgh_study.htm


"The Condon UFO Study: A Trick or a Conspiracy?"
The Skeptical Inquirer. Vol. X, No. 4 (Summer 1986)
by Philip J. Klass.

  http://www.project1947.com/shg/articles/siklass.html


"Editorial: 'Doubts About Condon'."
Merseyside UFO Bulletin, Volume 1, Number 1, (January - February 1968).

http://magonia.haaan.com/1968/merseyside-ufo-bulletin/


McCarthy, Paul E., "Politicking and Paradigm Shifting: The James E. McDonald and the UFO Case Study." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, 1975: pp. 131-170e

This chapter outlines the background and activities of those preparing for and who participated in "The Condon Study."

http://www.project1947.com/shg/mccarthy/chap03.html




University of Colorado UFO Project: Project Scientists

Dr. William Hartman Home Page

http://www.psi.edu/hartmann/index.html


Dr. Roy Craig

Craig, Roy. UFOs: An Insider's View of the Official Quest for Evidence, Denton: University of Texas Press, 1995.

  Press Release

http://untpress.unt.edu/catalog/3252


  Review

http://www.amazings.com/sbb/reviews/review0247.html

Craig, Roy, 1999. Interviewed by Thomas Tulien and Jan Aldrich, October (Sign Oral History Project) - (Currently no web presence)


Dr. David Saunders

Saunders, David & R. Roger Harkins. "UFOs? Yes!: Where The Condon Committee Went Wrong: The Inside Story By An Ex-Member of the Official Study Group." Cleveland, Ohio: The World Publishing Company, February, 1969. - (No web presence)


Frederick J. Hooven

"UFOs and the Evidence"
By Frederick J. Hooven
Saturday Review, March 29, 1969

(Frederick J. Hooven was a consultant to the Ford Motor Company and adjunct professor of engineering at Dartmouth College).

 

http://www.project1947.com/shg/articles/hooven.html


Tribus, Myron (1989). Frederick Johnson Hooven. Memorial Tributes National Academy of Engineering), 3, 200-205

http://www.nap.edu/books/0309039398/html/200.html




U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Science
and Astronautics UFO Symposium

Symposium Documents

  – House Resolution 946 submitted by Congressman Wyman on October 17, 1967, to authorize the the Committee on Science and Astronautics to conduct "a full and complete investigation and study of unidentified flying objects."

  – Congressman L. C. Wyman's press release from the Peterbourgh, New Hampshire Transcript, November 23, 1967, reporting a positive response to his entering of House Resolution 946 to authorize the Committee on Science and Astronautics to investigate UFO's.

  – Indiana Congressman J. Edward Roush's, letter to Dr. James E. McDonald expressing support for a Symposium on unidentified flying objects to be held by the Science and Astronautics Committee of the U. S. House of Representatives.

  – Press Release from July 12, 1968, announcing the Science and Astronautics Committee of the U. S. House of Representatives would conduct a one-day Symposium on unidentified flying objects on Monday, July 29, 1968, to be chaired by Congressman J. Edward Roush.

Symposium on Unidentified Flying Objects: Hearings Before The Committee On Science and Astronautics, U. S. House of Representatives, Ninetieth Congress, Second Session, July 29, 1968.

http://www.project1947.com/shg/symposium/index.html




House Committee UFO Symposium - Commentary and Critiques

"House Committee on Science and Astronautics: Criticism of the Air Force Not Allowed" - Extract from Aliens in Space: The Real Story of Unidentified Flying Objects (1973) by Major Donald E. Keyhoe, Director of the National Investigations Committee on Aerial Phenomena (pp. 181-185).

http://www.nicap.org/crit.htm


McCarthy, Paul E., "Politicking and Paradigm Shifting: The James E. McDonald and the UFO Case Study." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, 1975: (pp. 176-191)

Details the background, participants and outcome of the Symposium held by the Science and Astronautics Committee of the U. S. House of Representatives on unidentified flying objects on July 29, 1968.

http://www.project1947.com/shg/mccarthy/chap04.html


Dr. James E. McDonald

"Statement of Dr. James E. McDonald, Senior Physicist, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, and Professor, Department of Meteorology, The University of Arizona, Tucson, Ariz." to the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Science and Astronautics UFO Symposium.

http://www.project1947.com/shg/symposium/mcdonald.html


Tulien, Thomas, ed. "The James McDonald Collection." Proceedings of the Sign Historical Group UFO History Workshop (November 1999): p. 200.

http://www.project1947.com/shg/articles/jemcollection.html


"UFOs – A CHALLENGE TO OBSERVATION"

Summary of address to participants in the Symposium on Meteorological Observations and Instrumentation, sponsored by the American Meteorological Society and other societies,Washington, D. C., February 13, 1969.

http://www.project1947.com/shg/articles/jmufocobs.html


"UFOs – UNSOLVED: A SCIENTIFIC CHALLENGE"

Presented June 10, 1969, Washington, D.C., in a talk sponsored by the National Investigations Committee on Aerial Phenomena - NICAP

http://www.project1947.com/shg/articles/jmufochallenge.html


"Meteorological Factors in Unidentified Radar Returns"

Paper presented by Dr. James E. McDonald of The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, to the 14th Radar Meteorology Conference, American Meteorological Society, November 17-20, 1970.

http://www.project1947.com/shg/articles/metfac70.html


"Dr. McDonald Less Alone"
UFOs Get Official 'Recognition'
Tucson, Arizona Daily Citizen - January 3, 1969
By Paul Harvey

http://www.project1947.com/shg/articles/mcdarts.html#harvmcd


"Erase Ridicule"
McDonald Asks U.N. To Begin Study of UFOs
Tucson, Arizona, Daily Citizen - June 15, 1969
By John Riddick

http://www.project1947.com/shg/articles/mcdarts.html#mcunufo



  [Further material to be published]


Dr. Paul McCarthy

McCarthy, Paul E., "Politicking and Paradigm Shifting: The James E. McDonald and the UFO Case Study." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, 1975.

http://www.project1947.com/shg/mccarthy/index.html


McCarthy, Paul, 2001. Interviewed by Thomas Tulien, March 5 (Sign Oral History Project). - (Currently no web presence)



Capt. Edward J. Ruppelt

Ruppelt, Edward J., "What Our Air Force Found Out About Flying Saucers" True, The Man's Magazine, May, 1954

  http://www.project1947.com/shg/articles/true_ruppelt.htm



Ruppelt, Edward J., The Report On Unidentified Flying Objects Doubleday & Company, Inc., NY USA, 1956

Chapter 4 – "Green Fireballs, Project Twinkle, Little Lights, and Grudge" – taken from the unedited manuscript.

  http://www.project1947.com/gfb/rufos4u.htm



Nash, William B., "Letter to the Editor," TRUE, The Man's Magazine, regarding Ruppelt's article, "What Our Air Force Found Out About Flying Saucers", April 21, 1954, taken from Nash's unedited letter.

  http://www.project1947.com/shg/articles/true_ruppelt.htm#purdy

Nash, William B., Letter to Captain William J. Hull, April 18, 1954, from William B. Nash's files

  http://www.project1947.com/shg/articles/nash_hull54.htm


Gross, Loren E., "16 November, 1959.  Ruppelt's book revision.  CSI gets a peek and doesn't like what it sees."  In THE FIFTH HORSEMAN OF THE APOCALYPSE UFOS: A HISTORY 1959 OCTOBER-DECEMBER

  http://www.project1947.com/shg/articles/true_ruppelt.htm#isabel



Links Updated: June 1, 2012


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