June 1, 2014
William B. Nash
One of the most discussed UFO incidents of 1952
was the sighting of eight objects over Chesapeake Bay,
Virginia, on July 14, 1952, by Pan American Airways
pilots William B. Nash and William H. Fortenberry.
Nash was deeply affected by his experience and
was determined to research the phenomenon and
try to foster a wider acceptance for the reality
Nash and Fortenberry collaborated on an article detailing their sighting for the October, 1952 issue of:
TRUE Magazine - We Flew Above Flying Saucers
Some skeptics had suggested that Nash's sighting was an optical illusion caused by "reflections" or some sort of atmospheric anomaly.
The September, 1953 issue of "The Air Line Pilot," the official magazine of Nash's pilot union, contained an article by Captain Joe Hull entitled, "The Obituary of the Flying Saucers" which advocated that all "flying saucer" sightings could be explained scientifically using the logical approach of noted skeptic Dr. Donald H. Menzel.
Captain Joe Hull - The Obituary of The Flying Saucers
William Nash wrote a rebuttal to Hull's article and submitted it for
publication. It was rejected because well-known author Major Donald E.
Keyhoe had already been approached to write a response to Hull.
We present William Nash's original unpublished article:
William B. Nash - The Flying Saucers Are Still Alive
Donald Keyhoe's article for "The Air Line Pilot" was a devastating
rebuttal to Captain Hull's advocacy of Donald Menzel's explanations.
Using extensive sources developed in the writing of his books, Keyhoe was
able to ask military experts at Project Bluebook to comment directly
on Menzel's theories and methods:
Donald E. Keyhoe - Flying Saucer — Fact or Fancy?
William Nash's unpublished article was forwarded to Captain Hull for comment.
This resulted in a lengthy correspondence and ultimately formed the basis for
a strong friendship between the two. The letters provide an evocative insight into the
state of UFOlogy in the early 1950s, and document Hull's acceptance of the
reality of the "flying saucer" phenomenon. Several years later Captain
Hull experienced his own extraordinary UFO sighting which is documented
in this collection:
The Nash-Hull Letters - William Nash - Joe Hull Letters
William Nash corresponded and shared leads to other incidents with Major Donald E. Keyhoe.
We present a small selection of these letters taken from Nash's files:
The Nash-Keyhoe Letters - William Nash - Donald E. Keyhoe Letters
Nash also exchanged information with noted Washington columnist, Robert S. Allen:
Nash-Allen Letters - William Nash - Robert S. Allen Letters
Robert S. Allen
Robert S. Allen was an influential Washington-based columnist who
for several decades investigated and reported on the activities of the political
and military elite.
Allen, who had been a Colonel in the U.S. Army during World War II, had extensive connections to people with high security clearances which allowed him to break many "scoops" regarding official investigations into the "flying saucers".
Allen's columns attracted a lot of attention from both the general public and the politically well-connected. This introduction and small collection of Allen's articles demonstrates how highly-placed his sources must have been:
Robert S. Allen - An Introduction and Articles
Project 1947 welcomes information on any additional columns concerning UFOs or material he may have gathered on the subject.
Articles Collection Updated
Several new important UFO articles have been added to the Articles Index.
View the expanded Articles Collection here.
December 13, 2013
New UFO Articles From 1952
The UFO wave of 1952 resulted in a vast number of sightings being reported worldwide. The lack of apparent official openness in dealing with the problem led to much confusion and speculation.
Several important investigative articles sought to get to the bottom of the matter by speaking "off the record" with many leading military and scientific experts. Some of the best researched of these articles are now online:
People Today Magazine - Flying
Saucers Are Real
Look Magazine - Donald Menzel's skeptical look at The Truth About Flying Saucers
Look Magazine - Hunt For The Flying Saucer
PIC Magazine - Ralph Mayher's I Proved Flying Saucers Are Real
A Reference Catalogue Of UAP Reported From The Nullarbor Plain Region Of Southern Australia
Australian researcher Keith Basterfield has produced many valuable
catalogues, the latest being a catalogue of UAP reports from the
vast, arid Nullarbor Plain region of Southern Australia.
Read Keith's Reference Catalogue Of UAP Reported From The Nullarbor Plain Region Of Southern Australia.
Updated 1945 Foo Fighter Documents
There are several new articles and official documents tracing the official military interest in the puzzling aerial phenomenon seen by allied pilots during World War II known as "Foo Fighters".
August 25, 2013
A Draft Catalogue of US Navy UFO and USO Reports
The US Air Force connection with the issue
of UFOs is widely known. The public is less aware
of the US Navy's involvement in the managing and
reporting of UFO and USO incidents.
Jan Aldrich provides a detailed collection of UFO and USO Reports made by US Navy, Marine, Coast Guard and other government maritime services.
Read Jan's introduction to the draft catalogue here
United States Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard And Other Government Seagoing Services Unidentified Flying Object (UFO) And Unidentified Submerged Object (USO) Sighting Reports
This Draft collection is a work in progress and Jan welcomes any comments or additions.
June 24, 2013
Many new cases and newspaper reports have been added to the 1952 Historical cases pages.
More updates coming soon.
June 22, 2013
A Catalogue of UAP reports from Victoria, Bass Strait and Tasmania around the time of the Frederick Valentich disappearance on 21st October, 1978
Australian researcher Keith Basterfield has produced a detailed Catalogue of UAP reports that were observed in Victoria, Bass Strait and Tasmania around 21st October, 1978, when pilot Frederick Valentich and his aircraft disappeared while being "orbited" by an unknown object.
Keith combines a carefully researched listing of reports taken from recently released official files and published accounts to document the various sightings made in the days before and after the Valentich incident. This remains a "work in progress" and Keith would welcome any additional information or insights from other researchers and interested parties.
Dec 8, 2012
Updated – A Catalogue Of The More Interesting Australian UFO Reports
Australian researcher Keith Basterfield has released an update to his catalog of The More Interesting Australian UFO Reports. This is a subjective listing of UFO reports sourced from books, journals, Australian government file archives, and material retrieved via FOIA requests.
Keith regards this collection as a sampling of the more interesting cases, some of which may yet be determined to have conventional explanations or yield more information. He welcomes corrections and additions to this newly updated catalogue.
November 13, 2012
Some UFO Notes By Loren E. Gross
With the completion of The Fifth Horseman of the Apocalypse: UFOS: A History, July-December 1963, noted Historian Loren E. Gross announced that this would be the final volume in his epic task to document the history of UFOs from 1896 to 1963.
Loren's History series comprised a collection of nearly 10,000 pages spanning over 100 booklets, providing a richly detailed and multifaceted overview of the UFO phenomenon.
Additional background to Loren’s endeavors can be found in this interview with Richard H. Hall.
Having accomplished his main goal in documenting the core years of his UFO series, Loren began to mine newspaper clippings primarily from the 1970s and 80s. He selected those he found to be the most interesting and annotated them with his comments. He called this collection “Some UFO Notes”, which he has kindly allowed Project 1947 to reproduce.
June 4, 2012
UK UFO Documents
The United Kingdom Government started investigating unidentified flying objects beginning in 1947. According to press accounts the Royal Air Force accumulated a large number of reports. Jan Aldrich provides a brief overview of the UK Government's handling of UFO reports and presents some interesting UK UFO documents that were found among the papers of the U.S. Air Force's scientific adviser on UFOs, Dr. J. Allen Hynek, who also founded CUFOS.
Edward J. Ruppelt
Before writing his classic work, The Report on Unidentified Flying Objects (1956), Edward J. Ruppelt produced a "book-length feature" article for the May, 1954, issue of TRUE Magazine entitled, What Our Air Force Found Out About Flying Saucers.
Captain William B. Nash, one of the witnesses in the well-known "Nash-Fortenberry" sighting of 1952, wrote a "Letter to the Editor" of TRUE disagreeing with Ruppelt's conclusions. His letter was published but heavily edited. The complete text has been reproduced here from Nash's files.
Nash also discussed Ruppelt's article as well as other contemporary UFO cases in a 1954 letter to his friend and fellow pilot, William J. Hull.
Prior to the publication of the revised edition of Ruppelt's The Report on Unidentified Flying Objects in 1959, Isabel Davis of CSI New York managed to obtain copies of two of the three new chapters. She shared her concerns in a November 16, 1959, letter to her colleagues in CSI Los Angeles.
Several new additions to the 1954 news clippings collection.
February 18, 2012
A Catalogue Of The More Interesting Australian UFO Reports.
Australian researcher Keith Basterfield has released another comprehensive catalogue.
A Catalogue Of The More Interesting Australian UFO Reports is a subjective listing of UFO reports sourced from books, journals, Australian government file archives, and material retrieved via FOIA requests.
Keith regards this collection as a sampling of the more interesting cases, some of which may yet be determined to have conventional explanations or yield more information. He welcomes corrections and additions to the catalogue.
February 8, 2012
Updated CFI/Research Proposal
Several years ago the SyFy Channel, with the aid of John Podesta, former Chief of Staff for President Clinton, started a campaign to press for the release of government documents dealing with UFOs under the title of the Coalition for Freedom of Information (CFI).
CFI solicited proposals from UFO researchers for a list of key UFO documents that might be secured via research or FOIA legal action. The Sign Historical Group produced a proposal which was not accepted within the tight deadline allowed for submissions. However, many of the proposed avenues for research have since produced new information and opened up new research opportunities.
The original proposal with updated findings and potential leads can be read here.
Two Papers from Dr. James E. McDonald
Summary of address to participants in the Symposium on Meteorological Observations and Instrumentation, sponsored by the American Meteorological Society and other societies, Washington, D. C., February 13, 1969.
Presented June 10, 1969, Washington, D.C., in a talk sponsored by the National Investigations Committee on Aerial Phenomena - NICAP
December 23, 2011
Project Henry and "Project A"
During the early 1950s there were a number of official and private attempts to investigate unidentified flying objects. One of them was a sub-project run within Blue Book by J. Allen Hynek and his assistant Jennie Gluck (Zeidman) called Project HENRY. Jan Aldrich examines the various UFO research efforts in Project Henry.
One of the other research projects at this time was undertaken by Ohio Northern University. Known as "Project A", ONU requested sightings information from individuals as well as official groups in an effort to "find a logical explanation for the saucer appearances if possible, and to publicize the true findings." Read about Project A here
New Keith Basterfield Catalogues
Keith has added three new catalogues to his already impressive body of work.
A Catalogue Of Pre 24 June 1947 Australian Unidentified Aerial Phenomena documents pre-Kenneth Arnold "flying saucer" sightings in Australia. It is a "work in progress" and will be updated.
A Re-examination of the Zanthus Western Australia Aircraft Encounter of 22 August 1968 details Keith's investigation of an impressive UFO/aircraft encounter.
A Listing Of Reports From Woomera, South Australia, details various UFO reports from the restricted experimental military test and rocket range.
November 23, 2011
The website is back online after an absence of over a month and we're pleased to present the following additions:
Lou Corbin, NICAP Member and WFBR Radio News Director.
Lou Corbin served in U.S. Army Intelligence during World War II and attained the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. He was a friend and confidant of retired Marine Corps Major Donald E. Keyhoe and shared his interest in the subject of UFOs.
Corbin used his military and intelligence contacts to source information on UFO reports and the military response to them. In his role as News Director for radio station WFBR in Baltimore, Maryland, Corbin presented a topical program dealing with the subject of "Flying Saucers". Col Frank Milani, Baltimore's Civil Defense Director, appeared on the program and demanded that the U.S. Air Force "lessen the secrecy surrounding Unidentified Flying Objects"
The fallout from that program as well as a copy of the script from the WFBR broadcast is part of our look at the life of Lou Corbin WFBR Radio and NICAP Member.
Dr. Frank B. Salisbury
Frank Boyer Salisbury was born in Utah in 1926. He graduated from the University of Utah with a B.S. (1951) and M.A. (1952) and received his Ph.D. from the California Institute of Technology (1955).
In April 1962 he published an article entitled "Martian Biology" in Science magazine, and received many letters pointing him towards the growing number of "Flying Saucer" reports. This led Salisbury to consider that if life was likely on other planets, perhaps extraterrestrial visitation was also a possibility.
Salisbury began a lengthy investigation of local UFO sightings and in 1968 submitted a written statement to the U. S. House of Representatives' Committee on Science and Astronautics Symposium on Unidentified Flying Objects. Salisbury also wrote two articles for BioScience magazine: The Scientist and the UFO; and Recent Developments in the Study of UFOS
Salisbury's articles and House Committee presentation are available from the Sign Historical Group's Resource Page
September 20, 2009
Sign Oral History Project
Tom Tulien began the Sign Oral History Project in 1999 to record recollections of UFO witnesses, investigators officials, scientists, and other individuals associated with UFO history using archive-quality video media.
Tom has now launched his own dedicated website to host the fruits of his Sign Oral History Project and other planned exciting projects. Visit the SOHP at http://www.sohp.us/
December 10, 2005
Julian J. A. Hennessey - The U.K. Government and UFOs
For many years Julian Hennessey worked as NICAP's representative in Great Britain where he investigated a large number of cases in the U.K. and Europe. He was chairman of European Investigative Subcommittee #1 of the National Investigations Committee on Aerial Phenomena (NICAP), and through persistent and meticulous efforts was able to create an impressive network of official and semi-official interest in UFO reports.
Some of this official interest was less than supportive, and many times Hennessey became a thorn in the side of British government officials who continued to insist that there was no real interest in UFO reports other than those with "possible defense implications".
Jan Aldrich presents an overview of Julian's work in this introduction to the previously unpublished essay, The U.K. Government and UFOs, in which Julian outlines some significant historical British UFO events and his own involvement with UFO research in the 60s and 70s.
July 17, 2005
Green Fireball and Ghost Rocket Chronologies
Joel Carpenter has produced two excellent Chronologies which examine in detail two of the most enduring aerial mysteries of modern times.
Green Fireballs Over Los Alamos introduces us to the "New Mexico Missile Crisis," a time when mysterious "green fireballs" were seen in the skies of the American Southwest overflying Top Secret military installations.
In a Green Fireball Chronology Joel Carpenter traces the history and people involved in trying to determine the origins of the elusive fireballs: Secret Russian weapons, a natural phenomenon, or something "not of this world"?
Before the 1947 wave of "flying saucer" sightings, there were mysterious objects being seen in the skies of Scandinavia. These "Ghost Rockets" were detected both visually and on radar, but their origin could not be determined. Had the Russians been able to exploit captured German rocket technology so quickly, or were these "ghosts" the precursors to the flying saucer and Green Fireball sightings? In a Ghost Rocket Chronology: Guided Missiles and UFOs, Joel explores the wide-ranging attempts to resolve and explain the "Ghost Rockets" during a time of rising political tensions and advances in rocket technology.
Paper Threat: Japanese Fu-Go balloons
Unknown aerial objects sighted in the skies over North America that were subject to strict media censorship and official secrecy... UFOs in the form of a new intercontinental weapon launched during the closing days of World War II that became known as Fu-Go.
The race to deal with the Fu-go weapon established the precedent for official secrecy when dealing with the recovery of suspected airborne artifacts. Several agencies and persons who had to deal with the Japanese balloon bombs later went on to play important roles in the investigation of Green Fireballs and UFOs.
Joel Carpenter's Paper Threat, the first intercontinental weapon system, documents the history of the Fu-go Balloon attacks and the many efforts by the government and military to deal with this new threat from the sky.
July 14, 2005
Keith Basterfield's New Catalogues
Australian researcher Keith Basterfield has completed work on seven recently updated catalogues which cover many aspects of UFO research.
These catalogues cover UFO sightings by aircraft passengers and crew, physical trace cases, UFO reports where photographs were taken, EM effects on vehicles, entity sightings and a comprehensive listing of UFO-related events in South Australia, the home of the Woomera Rocket Range.
Keith's catalogues can be read here
March 1, 2005
Minot AFB B-52 UFO Report
In 1968 numerous ground and air witnesses observed an unconventional aerial object as it maneuvered over the ICBM fields surrounding Minot Air Force Base, North Dakota.
Portions of this dramatic incident were recently dramatized in the ABC News Special television documentary Peter Jennings Reporting: UFOs: Seeing is Believing
Thomas Tulien, Chairman of the Sign Historical Group, and James Klotz, veteran CUFON researcher, have been investigating these dramatic events for over five years and are close to releasing their comprehensive report. Details of the Minot AFB B-52 UFO Incident report can be read here.
October 30, 2004
UAL Flight 105
Just days after the Kenneth Arnold sighting of "flying saucers", the crew of United Air Lines flight 105 had their own astonishing encounter over Emmett, Idaho, on July 4, 1947.
January 3, 2004
Inventory of Material From The Files of Dr. Olavos T. Fontes
Dr. Willy Smith recently donated his collection of files to the Sign Historical Group. Included in this material were many items from the files of the renowned Brazilian UFO researcher, Dr. Olavos T. Fontes. An inventory of this material, along with Fontes-related items provided by other researchers, can be read here. A selection of Internet links referring to Fontes-related cases is also included.